Coignard

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Coignard family page
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This family name had been known in Jersey since the 13th century but died out in the 19th


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The court record of proceedings against Jean Coignard for violence and maltreatment of his wife, and abandoning her in 1799

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Origins of surname

This is a name which is common throughout France, including Normandy. There are two possible derivations: the one which is usually cited is from cogner, a brawler who uses his fists. An alternative is a woodsman using a cognee = axe.

Early records

The name, in various spellings, has been known in Jersey since the end of the 13th century, but died out in the mid-19th century. There are baptisms in the St Helier register up to 1841, but no birth records from the start of central registration in 1842, nor any baptisms in St Helier after that date. At least three different families can be found in earlier records in St John, St Saviour and St Martin, and it is not known whether they had a common ancestor. Either there is a significant number of records missing from Jersey church records or there have been a number of different immigrants from France at various times.

Jean Coignard and Elizabeth Neel, who married in St Saviour in 1778, had a turbulent relationship. He was brought before the Royal Court in 1799, for violence and maltreatment of his wife, and abandoning her. By this time the couple had 11 children.

Variants

  • Coignard 1668, 1607
  • Cosnard 1749
  • Coignert 1607
  • Coingnart 1528
  • Coignart 1461-78
  • Conyart c1540
  • Congnard 1351
  • Cogart
  • Cognart
  • Cognard
  • Coynard 1309, 1299

Family records

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Family trees



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Births and baptisms



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Family wills


This will created by a member of the Coignard family is now held by Jersey Archive. By visiting the archive site and using the names, date and reference number shown here, it is possible to view a copy of each will. You will have to subscribe to the Archive's online service to do this. To find out more about this collection, which covers the period from 1663 to 1948, and how to search for your family's wills there, visit our Jersey wills page

  • Françoise Coignard, widow of Herculuce Le Ray 20 June 1746 - D/Y/A/8
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