Edward, Duke of York

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Edward, Duke of York

Edward Duke of York Lord of the Isles 1396-1415

Channel Islands

Edward, Count of Rutland at the time of his appointment, and later Duke of York, was the cousin of Richard II. He was appointed Lord of the Isles for life on 30 November 1396 after the death of Warden of the Isles Sir John Golafre.

This appointment was confirmed by Henry IV on 27 November 1399 and by Henry V on 12 September 1413.

Prince Edward did not have much involvement with the islands in peacetime and on 22 March 1405 Jean Perraunt , who had earlier been required to take possession of the islands for Sir John Golafre, was ordered to seize them again and keep them provisionally in the King's hands, Prince Edward apparently having fallen out of favour.

Family

Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York and 1st Duke of Aumale (1373-1415), was a member of the English royal family who died at the Battle of Agincourt.

The son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and his first wife Isabella of Castile, his paternal grandparents were Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. His maternal grandparents were King Pedro of Castile and Maria de Padilla.

Life

Edward is thought to have been born in Norwich. He was close to his cousin, Richard II, and was created Earl of Rutland by him in 1390, Earl of Cork in about 1396, and then Duke of Aumale in 1397. This association put him out of favour after the usurpation of Henry IV and he was deprived of his Dukedom. In 1400 he participated in a conspiracy against Henry IV, but betrayed the conspirators to the king. In 1402 he succeeded his father as Duke of York]. He married a widow, Philippa de Mohun, but there were no children from their marriage.

Agincourt

Edward took part in Henry V's war on France and died at the Battle of Agincourt, the major English casualty in that battle.

On his death, the dukedom did not immediately pass to his nephew, Richard Plantagenet, as Richard's father Richard of Conisburgh, had been attainted for treason, but the younger Richard was eventually restored to the Dukedom.

As the Duke of Aumerle, he is a major character in Shakespeare's play, Richard II, and he is also a minor character in Henry V. Although his death is depicted by Shakespeare and his adapters as an act of heroism, it was in fact more of an accident. Along with many French knights, he was unable to remain upright when unhorsed in the fray and effectively died of suffocation under a pile of other men and horses.

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