Gough family page
Although the Gough family can be traced back to 1086 in Wales, it did not arrive in Jersey until the early years of the 20th century. It is still present today
Elizabeth Mary Ann Gough, nee Lempriere, who married Henry William Richard Gough, with their sons Henry Edward (r) and William Henry outside the family shop at Commercial House, Trinity, in 1912. Henry William Richard Gough bought Commercial House with the adjoining forge and gardens on 23 October 1909 for £825 and payment of all Seigneurial rights. He sold the property on 14 December 1929 to Ann Street Brewery for £1,500. As the Gough family tree shows, Henry William Richard's father Richard Philip (1800-1875) came to Jersey as a Royal Marine having married Mary Ann Hulman in Plymouth. The couple had six children born in Devon. Mary Ann died in 1860 and Richard Philip immediately remarried, to Susanne Amy, and the couple had seven more children between 1861 and 1870. Richard Philip died in 1875 and his widow then moved to Australia, presumably without her children, dying there in 1889. Henry William Richard was only 11 when his mother left, and his younger sister only five. At least one, and possibly more, of the children went with their mother to Australia, but Henry William Richard appears to have remained in Jersey, where he was working as a servant at the age of 17 at the time of the 1881 census
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Origins of surname
This is a surname of Cornish or Welsh origin, either derived from the Cornish and Breton word for a smith, goff, or the ancient Welsh word coch for red, indicating someone with red hair or complexion.
The name may have originated from Eleanor, the red-haired daughter and heiress of Catherine, one of the daughters of Llewellyn, the last Prince of Wales. The first Goughs are believed to have been located in Radnorshire near the border between England and Wales. The Goughs' manor house at Marsh, not far from Montgomery, Wales, dates back to 1086 and, in 1431, was held by John Gough, son of John ap Griffith and Joan's daughter Eleanor.
Sometimes the initial "g" was interchanged with "c", but this may be put down to poor reading and writing, as well as strong dialects.
The Goughs, a family still present in Jersey today, were relative latecomers to the island, their first family baptisms being that of Henry, son of William and Leonore, in St Peter in 1913. The family had Gloucestershire origins.
- Gough, the only form found in Jersey
The first tree above has been shown to be much more accurate than the second, but both are now superseded by the following tree, which takes the line back many generations and has much more detail
Great War service
- Henry Gough (1866- ) Mercantile Marine
- Wilfred Hugh Julian Gough, ex-RMIJ, Captain, Welsh Guards
- Henry Edward Gough (Tr) son of Henry William Richard Gough and Elizabeth Mary Ann, nee Lempriere, Shoeing Smith, RASC
- William Henry Gough (1901- ) (St H) son of Henry Bradley and Rosina Stivey, Mercantile Marine
These wills created by members of the Gough family are now held by Jersey Archive. By visiting the archive site and using the names, dates and reference numbers shown here, it is possible to view a copy of each will. You will have to subscribe to the Archive's online service to do this. To find out more about this collection, which covers the period from 1663 to 1948, and how to search for your family's wills there, visit our Jersey wills page
- Henry Gough, Commercial House, Trinity - 29 March 1933, D/Y/A/94
- William Gough, 7 St Marks Road, St Helier - 2 October 1940, D/Y/A/107
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Family photograph album
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