Guernsey Timeline 19th Century

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19th Century

Guernsey Timeline
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Year Event
1800 Robert Porret Le Marchant appointed Bailiff.
1803-15 War with France.
1803 Sir John Doyle appointed Lieutenant-Governor, and launches major programme to improve the island's defences.
1806 The Braye du Valle, a tidal channel that had divided Guernsey, reclaimed from the sea.
1807 The Earl of Pembroke appointed Governor.
British Smuggling Act applied to the islands despite protest.
28 Nov 1807 H.M.S. Boreas lost on the Hanois rocks, with seventy-seven lives.
1809 Duke of Brunswick Oels and his troops stationed in Guernsey.
1810 Commencement of major road-building programme.
(Sir) Peter de Havilland appointed Bailiff.
Start of Granite exports
1811 La Varde Dolmen, L'Ancresse, discovered.
Start of export trade for Guernsey cattle.
1812 Deaths in action of Maj.-Gen. Sir Isaac Brock, in North America, and Maj-Gen John Gaspard Le Marchant at Salamanca.
1813 Publication of The Star, Guernsey's first English-language newspaper.
1815 Guernsey Prison completed.
Start of Shipbuilding Industry.
1816 First issue of local currency notes to finance the construction of the new Meat Market.
1817 Duke of Gloucester visits Guernsey.
Foundation of the Society of Agriculture.
States buy existing Meat Market (French Halles).
1818 Rebuilding of Torteval Church
First visit to the island by an Anglican Bishop, Bishop of Salisbury.
Consecration of St James the Less.
1820 Accession of George IV.
1821 Daniel de Lisle Brock appointed Bailiff.
1822 Opening of the new Meat Market
1823 Arrival of the Medina, first steamship to travel to Channel Islands.
1825 Sir John Colborne appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
John Le Mesurier surrenders Alderney to the Crown.
1827 Sir William Keppel appointed Governor.
Guernsey Banking Company established.
Mail first brought by steamship.
1828 Maj.-Gen. John Ross appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Central Hall built to house National School at Clifton Steps, St Peter Port.
1829 First visit to the Bailiwick by Bishop of Winchester.
Completion of new Elizabeth College main building.
Notre Dame du Rosaire opened as Guernsey's first Roman Catholic church.
1830 Accession of William IV.
Introduction of the Guernsey double coins
1831 Island militia is granted the status Royal.
1832 103 die during Cholera outbreak in St Peter Port.
Foundation of Mechanics Institute.
Publication of Cochrane's Map of Guernsey
1834 Publication of first tourist guide book, The Channel Islands by Henry Inglis.
11 Dec 1834 Death of General Sir William Keppel, the last Governor of Guernsey to be appointed.
1835 Office of Governor of Guernsey abolished, Lieutenant Governor becomes the direct representative of the Crown in the islands.
1836 Death of Admiral James Saumarez, Lord de Sausmarez.
Erection of St John the Evangelist Church.
1837 Accession of Queen Victoria.
Sir James Douglas appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Horse bus service established.
1838 Emigration to USA of George Le Boutillier bankrupted by the excavation of States Arcade.
1839 National School founded at St Johns, St Peter Port.
1840 Civil Registration of births and deaths start, recorded at the Greffe.
Official boundaries of Town extended.
1841 Electoral franchise extended to include all taxpayers and property owners.
1842 Maj.-Gen. William Napier appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1843 John Guille appointed Bailiff.
British & Foreign School founded, St Peter Port.
William Le Lacheur brings first direct shipment of coffee from Costa Rica to Europe aboard the Monarch
An earthquake occurs on 22 December
1843-45 Disputes with Lieutenant-Governor Napier.
1844 Douzaine representatives replace Constables as States members.
Cantonal Douzaines established in St Peter Port.
Sir William Napier lands forces to quell insurrection.
1845 (Sir) Peter Stafford Carey appointed Bailiff.
1846 Consecration of Holy Trinity Church by the Bishop of Winchester
16 May 1846 Appointment of Royal Commission to investigate criminal law in the Channel Islands (reported 1848).
23-24 Aug 1846 Visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to Guernsey.
1846-48 Construction of Victoria Tower.
1847 Construction of naval base and forts started in Alderney.
1848 Maj.-Gen. John Bell appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Railway company shipping services started.
1849 Cholera epidemic kills many.
1850 Parochial education reorganised.
St Peter Port Arsenal built.
1 Apr 1853 An earthquake occurs.
1853 Laying of the foundation stone of the new harbour
1854 St Matthew's Church, Cobo opened.
1854-56 Crimean War.
1854 Maj.-Gen. William Thomas Knollys appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1855 Maj.-Gen. George Judd Harding appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1855 Victor Hugo exiled to Guernsey by French Government
1859 Maj.-Gen. John Marcus Slade appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
14 Aug 1859 Second visit of Queen Victoria to Guernsey.
9 Sep 1859 Submarine telegraph cable first operates.
1860-62 Construction of Les Hanois Lighthouse.
1862-65 Construction of St Stephens Church.
1862-70 Telegraph services suspended.
Sep 1862 Visit of Duke of Cambridge to Guernsey.
1864 Maj.-Gen. Charles Rochfort Scott appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1869 Lieut.-Gen. Edward Frome appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
12 Sep 1869 Severe storm.
1870 Publication of George Métivier's Dictionnaire Franco-Normand.
Grange Club opens.
Apr 1873 St Julian's Avenue opens.
1874 Maj.-Gen. Hon. St George G. Foley appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
St Barnabas Church opened.
1882 Guille-Allès Library founded.
La Société Guernesiaise established
1883 Jean de Havilland Utermarck appointed Bailiff.
1884 (Sir) Edgar MacCulloch appointed Bailiff.
1895 (Sir) Thomas Godfrey Carey appointed Bailiff.
1897 Guernsey Telephone Council established.
Guernsey Evening Press established.
1899-1902 Second Anglo-Boer War.
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