Guernsey Timeline 20th Century
|1901||Accession of Edward VII.|
|1902||(Sir) Henry Alexander Giffard appointed Bailiff.|
|1905||Muratti Vase, inter-island football competition started.|
|1908||(Sir) William Carey appointed Bailiff.|
|1914|| Last Witchcraft trial in Guernsey|
Outbreak of World War I.
|1915||(Sir) Edward Chepmell Ozanne appointed Bailiff.|
|17 December 1916||Royal Guernsey Militia disbanded and Royal Guernsey Light Infantry formed to join British Expeditionary Force in France.|
|20 Nov - 3 Dec 1917||Royal Guernsey Light Infantry fights in Battle of Cambrai.|
|10-14 April 1918||Royal Guernsey Light Infantry fights in Battle of the Lys suffering many casualties.|
|1918||Seaplane used for same-day newspaper deliveries from England.|
|1922|| Sir Havilland Walter de Sausmarez, bart., appointed Bailiff.|
Introduction of Income Tax (6d. in the pound).
|1923||Supermarine Sea Eagle Flying Boat service begins from Southampton.|
|1925||Introduction of first Social Insurance Law.|
|1928|| British Government withdraws funding for the Royal Guernsey Militia.|
Calcutta flying boat service established.
|1929||Arthur William Bell appointed Bailiff.|
|1935|| Victor Gosselin Carey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.|
Val des Terres road completed.
|1939||Opening of Guernsey Airport at La Villiaze, Forest.|
|20-23 June 1940||Evacuation of schoolchildren and other islanders. 17,000 leave.|
|21 June 1940||States of Deliberation set up the 'Controlling Committee of the States of Guernsey' of eight members heading different departments, led by its president Ambrose J. Sherwill.|
|28 June 1940||German air raids on Guernsey and Jersey (33 killed in Guernsey, 11 in Jersey). B.B.C. announces demilitarization of the Islands hours later on the 9 o’clock news.|
|30 June 1940||Start of German Occupation. Units of 216 Infantry Division fly in from Cherbourg. The following day Major Dr Albrecht Lanz arrives as Kommandant.|
|2 July 1940||Alderney occupied.|
|4 July 1940||Sark occupied.|
|7 July 1940||2nd Lieut. Hubert Nicolle lands in Guernsey secretly to gather information on German forces.|
|10 July 1940||2nd Lieuts. Philip Martel and Desmond Mulholland land in Guernsey. Nicolle picked up.|
|15 July 1940||British attempt to mount Commando raid on Guernsey fails. Martel and Mulholland stranded in Guernsey.|
|28 July 1940||Martel and Mulholland surrender to the Germans in uniform, and are taken as prisoners of war.|
|1 August 1940||Sherwill makes a speech which is broadcast on Radio Bremen, assuring evacuated Islanders that conditions are good in Guernsey. The speech is exploited by German propaganda.|
|9 August 1940||Initial period of occupation ends. Military government unit Feldkommandantur 515 arrives in Channel Islands under Colonel Schumacher.|
|4 September 1940||2nd Lieuts. Hubert Nicolle and James Symes land in Guernsey secretly to gather information on German forces. They are stranded in Guernsey when their pickup boat failed to appear on 6 September.|
|26 September 1940||Colonel Rudolf Graf von Schmettow appointed military commander of the Channel Islands.|
|30 December 1940||Jurat Rev. John Leale elected President of the Controlling Committee of the States of Guernsey after Sherwill's dismissal by the German authorities.|
|30 April 1941||319 Infantry Division officially takes over in the Islands.|
|20 October 1941||Hitler orders massive fortification programme in the Islands. Guernsey and Jersey to be 'impregnable fortresses'. Major influx of Organisation Todt construction engineers and labourers begins.|
|25, 27 September 1942||2,000 non-native islanders deported to internment camps in Germany by German authorities.|
|3-4 October 1942||Operation Basalt. Twelve British commandos land on Sark and kill four German soldiers at the Dixcart Hotel. One German soldier is captured and abducted.|
|February 1943||Ex-officers from World War I, Freemasons and other islanders deemed to be security risks deported to internment camps in Germany.|
|1943||Guernsey Society founded in London to improve representation of Guernsey interests to British Government.|
|27 December 1944||First visit of the Red Cross ship Vega to feed starving islanders.|
|28 February 1945||Vizeadmiral Friedrich Hüffmeier takes over command of the Islands from General Rudolf von Schmettow.|
|9 May 1945||End of German Occupation.|
|1946||Ambrose Sherwill (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.|
|1947||Completion of St. Saviour's reservoir.|
|1948||Major reform of States of Guernsey.|
|1949||Princess Elizabeth Hospital opened at Le Vauquiédor, St Andrews.|
|1951|| Tomato Marketing Board established|
States decide against reviving the Royal Guernsey Militia.
|1957||Visit of Queen Elizabeth II.|
|1958||Tektronix establishes European HQ and manufacturing facility in Guernsey.|
|1959||Formation of Investment Trust of Guernsey - birth of the Finance Industry.|
|1960||William Henry Arnold (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.|
|1961||Arrival of new mail boats, Sarnia and Caesarea.|
|1962||Channel Television wins ITV Franchise for the Channel Islands.|
|1963||The Beatles play at Candie Gardens on 8 August.|
|1964|| Condor Hydrofoil starts inter-island and St. Malo services.|
The Rolling Stones play at the New Theatre Ballroom, 18-20 August.
|1965||Social Security system established in Guernsey.|
|1966|| Re-enactment of La Chevauchée de St Michel to celebrate the 900th anniversary of the Norman Conquest|
Island Development Committee established
|1967||Fort George sold to a developer to become luxury housing estate.|
|1968||Aurigny Airways start inter-island services.|
|1969|| Bailiwick becomes independent postal authority, Guernsey Post Office established and issues first Guernsey postage stamps|
Introduction of restrictions on fishing for ormers – prohibiting diving and limiting ormering to “ormering tides”
|1970||Beaucette Marina opened.|
|1971||States of Guernsey agree terms for membership of the European Economic Community.|
|1973|| John Henry Loveridge (later knighted) appointed Bailiff|
Channel Islands became Associate Members of the Common Market
|1974||Roll-on/ Roll-off terminal established in St Peter Port Harbour.|
|1975||Maritime Museum opened at Fort Grey.|
|1976|| Beau Sejour Leisure Centre opened|
States vote to abolish congé.
|1978|| Guernsey Museum and Art Gallery opened at Candie Gardens.|
Visit of Queen Elizabeth II
Guernsey cheese launched
Discovery of Les Fouaillages prehistoric tomb at L'Ancresse.
|1980|| British Airways end their flights to Guernsey|
PAYE Income Tax system is introduced.
|1981||Publication of "The Book of Ebenezer Le Page" by GB Edwards|
|1982|| Charles Keith Frossard (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.|
BBC Radio Guernsey starts broadcasting.
Gallo-Roman shipwreck (Asterix) discovered in mouth of St Peter Port Harbour.
|1984|| Work starts on raising the Asterix|
Foundation of Specsavers Opticians
|1985||New Guernsey Flag introduced.|
|1986||Sealink end all services to the Bailiwick.|
|1987||North Beach harbour scheme completed.|
|1989||New prison opened at Les Nicolles.|
|1990|| Matthew Le Tissier wins Professional Footballers' Association Young Player of the Year|
Tektronix close Guernsey operations at La Villaize
|1992|| Graham Martyn Dorey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.|
Island FM, the island's first commercial radio station, starts broadcasting.
|1993|| Town Hospital re-opens as new Police Headquarters|
Opening of new States Office, Sir Charles Frossard House.
|1994||First island-wide elections of Conseillers.|
|1995||Liberation Monument unveiled by HRH Prince of Wales.|
|1997||Guernsey digital map ("Digimap") established|
|1998|| Law passed abolishing the office of Conseiller|
Launch of the Channel Islands Stock Exchange.
|1999|| de Vic Graham Carey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff|
Channel Express newspaper plane crash lands on Forest Road – 2 killed
Demolition of the Royal Hotel
Guernsey Press acquired by Jersey-based Guiton Group