Guernsey Timeline 20th Century

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20th Century

Guernsey Timeline
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Year Event
1901 Accession of Edward VII.
1902 (Sir) Henry Alexander Giffard appointed Bailiff.
1905 Muratti Vase, inter-island football competition started.
1908 (Sir) William Carey appointed Bailiff.
1914 Last Witchcraft trial in Guernsey
Outbreak of World War I.
1915 (Sir) Edward Chepmell Ozanne appointed Bailiff.
17 December 1916 Royal Guernsey Militia disbanded and Royal Guernsey Light Infantry formed to join British Expeditionary Force in France.
20 Nov - 3 Dec 1917 Royal Guernsey Light Infantry fights in Battle of Cambrai.
10-14 April 1918 Royal Guernsey Light Infantry fights in Battle of the Lys suffering many casualties.
1918 Seaplane used for same-day newspaper deliveries from England.
1922 Sir Havilland Walter de Sausmarez, bart., appointed Bailiff.
Introduction of Income Tax (6d. in the pound).
1923 Supermarine Sea Eagle Flying Boat service begins from Southampton.
1925 Introduction of first Social Insurance Law.
1928 British Government withdraws funding for the Royal Guernsey Militia.
Calcutta flying boat service established.
1929 Arthur William Bell appointed Bailiff.
1935 Victor Gosselin Carey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
Val des Terres road completed.
1939 Opening of Guernsey Airport at La Villiaze, Forest.
20-23 June 1940 Evacuation of schoolchildren and other islanders. 17,000 leave.
21 June 1940 States of Deliberation set up the 'Controlling Committee of the States of Guernsey' of eight members heading different departments, led by its president Ambrose J. Sherwill.
28 June 1940 German air raids on Guernsey and Jersey (33 killed in Guernsey, 11 in Jersey). B.B.C. announces demilitarization of the Islands hours later on the 9 o’clock news.
30 June 1940 Start of German Occupation. Units of 216 Infantry Division fly in from Cherbourg. The following day Major Dr Albrecht Lanz arrives as Kommandant.
2 July 1940 Alderney occupied.
4 July 1940 Sark occupied.
7 July 1940 2nd Lieut. Hubert Nicolle lands in Guernsey secretly to gather information on German forces.
10 July 1940 2nd Lieuts. Philip Martel and Desmond Mulholland land in Guernsey. Nicolle picked up.
15 July 1940 British attempt to mount Commando raid on Guernsey fails. Martel and Mulholland stranded in Guernsey.
28 July 1940 Martel and Mulholland surrender to the Germans in uniform, and are taken as prisoners of war.
1 August 1940 Sherwill makes a speech which is broadcast on Radio Bremen, assuring evacuated Islanders that conditions are good in Guernsey. The speech is exploited by German propaganda.
9 August 1940 Initial period of occupation ends. Military government unit Feldkommandantur 515 arrives in Channel Islands under Colonel Schumacher.
4 September 1940 2nd Lieuts. Hubert Nicolle and James Symes land in Guernsey secretly to gather information on German forces. They are stranded in Guernsey when their pickup boat failed to appear on 6 September.
26 September 1940 Colonel Rudolf Graf von Schmettow appointed military commander of the Channel Islands.
30 December 1940 Jurat Rev. John Leale elected President of the Controlling Committee of the States of Guernsey after Sherwill's dismissal by the German authorities.
30 April 1941 319 Infantry Division officially takes over in the Islands.
20 October 1941 Hitler orders massive fortification programme in the Islands. Guernsey and Jersey to be 'impregnable fortresses'. Major influx of Organisation Todt construction engineers and labourers begins.
25, 27 September 1942 2,000 non-native islanders deported to internment camps in Germany by German authorities.
3-4 October 1942 Operation Basalt. Twelve British commandos land on Sark and kill four German soldiers at the Dixcart Hotel. One German soldier is captured and abducted.
February 1943 Ex-officers from World War I, Freemasons and other islanders deemed to be security risks deported to internment camps in Germany.
1943 Guernsey Society founded in London to improve representation of Guernsey interests to British Government.
27 December 1944 First visit of the Red Cross ship Vega to feed starving islanders.
28 February 1945 Vizeadmiral Friedrich Hüffmeier takes over command of the Islands from General Rudolf von Schmettow.
9 May 1945 End of German Occupation.
1946 Ambrose Sherwill (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
1947 Completion of St. Saviour's reservoir.
1948 Major reform of States of Guernsey.
1949 Princess Elizabeth Hospital opened at Le Vauquiédor, St Andrews.
1951 Tomato Marketing Board established
States decide against reviving the Royal Guernsey Militia.
1954 Préciput abolished.
1957 Visit of Queen Elizabeth II.
1958 Tektronix establishes European HQ and manufacturing facility in Guernsey.
1959 Formation of Investment Trust of Guernsey - birth of the Finance Industry.
1960 William Henry Arnold (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
1961 Arrival of new mail boats, Sarnia and Caesarea.
1962 Channel Television wins ITV Franchise for the Channel Islands.
1963 The Beatles play at Candie Gardens on 8 August.
1964 Condor Hydrofoil starts inter-island and St. Malo services.
The Rolling Stones play at the New Theatre Ballroom, 18-20 August.
1965 Social Security system established in Guernsey.
1966 Re-enactment of La Chevauchée de St Michel to celebrate the 900th anniversary of the Norman Conquest
Island Development Committee established
1967 Fort George sold to a developer to become luxury housing estate.
1968 Aurigny Airways start inter-island services.
1969 Bailiwick becomes independent postal authority, Guernsey Post Office established and issues first Guernsey postage stamps
Introduction of restrictions on fishing for ormers – prohibiting diving and limiting ormering to “ormering tides”
1970 Beaucette Marina opened.
1971 States of Guernsey agree terms for membership of the European Economic Community.
1973 John Henry Loveridge (later knighted) appointed Bailiff
Channel Islands became Associate Members of the Common Market
1974 Roll-on/ Roll-off terminal established in St Peter Port Harbour.
1975 Maritime Museum opened at Fort Grey.
1976 Beau Sejour Leisure Centre opened
States vote to abolish congé.
1978 Guernsey Museum and Art Gallery opened at Candie Gardens.
Visit of Queen Elizabeth II
Guernsey cheese launched
Discovery of Les Fouaillages prehistoric tomb at L'Ancresse.
1980 British Airways end their flights to Guernsey
PAYE Income Tax system is introduced.
1981 Publication of "The Book of Ebenezer Le Page" by GB Edwards
1982 Charles Keith Frossard (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
BBC Radio Guernsey starts broadcasting.
Gallo-Roman shipwreck (Asterix) discovered in mouth of St Peter Port Harbour.
1984 Work starts on raising the Asterix
Foundation of Specsavers Opticians
1985 New Guernsey Flag introduced.
1986 Sealink end all services to the Bailiwick.
1987 North Beach harbour scheme completed.
1989 New prison opened at Les Nicolles.
1990 Matthew Le Tissier wins Professional Footballers' Association Young Player of the Year
Tektronix close Guernsey operations at La Villaize
1992 Graham Martyn Dorey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
Island FM, the island's first commercial radio station, starts broadcasting.
1993 Town Hospital re-opens as new Police Headquarters
Opening of new States Office, Sir Charles Frossard House.
1994 First island-wide elections of Conseillers.
1995 Liberation Monument unveiled by HRH Prince of Wales.
1997 Guernsey digital map ("Digimap") established
1998 Law passed abolishing the office of Conseiller
Launch of the Channel Islands Stock Exchange.
1999 de Vic Graham Carey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff
Channel Express newspaper plane crash lands on Forest Road – 2 killed
Demolition of the Royal Hotel
Guernsey Press acquired by Jersey-based Guiton Group
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