Le Marquand

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Le Marquand family page
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This very common Jersey surname can be traced back to at least the beginning of the 14th century


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Mary Ann Le Marquand c1850, a very early Jersey photographic portrait

If you can help with information about this family, please contact editcontact@theislandwiki.org, using Jerripedia as the subject of your email

Origin of Surname

The origin of Marquand is believed to be the French marchant (the merchant), probably derived from an early tradesman between Guernsey and Jersey and France. The ultimate root of the name lies in the Latin word mercis, meaning commerce or merchandise.

Early records

The family name appears in the Assize Roll of 1309 in Jersey, and the Jersey Chantry Certificate of 1550 includes Edmond, Janette, Raulin, Raulyn or Rauolyn, and Thomas.

The earliest occurence of the variant Marquand in Guernsey was in 1513, when the parish school of St Peter Port, Guernsey was founded by the gift of Thomas Le Marquand and his wife, Yonette Thelby.

Raoulin Le Marquand was Attorney-General in Jersey in the 16th Century.

It is not clear whether Le Marquand and Le Marchand/Le Marchant were different families in Jersey or just variations in spelling within a single family. We continue to list them separately.

Early Marquands in England

This surname was first recorded at the beginning of the 13th Century, and other examples include Roger Marchaunt and Herueus Merchant who were listed as witnesses in the Assize Court rolls of Yorkshire in the year 1219. In 1240 Ranulph le Marchand appeared in the Fine Court Rolls of Essex, and Reginald le Marchant was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Cambridge in 1247. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Marchand. This was dated 1202, in the Pipe Rolls of Berkshire, during the reign of King John of England, 1199 - 1216.

Variants

  • Le Marquand, 1668
  • Le Marquant, 1528
  • Le Marcant 1515
  • Le Marchand
  • Le Marcquant
  • Marquant
  • Le Marchant
  • Marchant
  • Marchent
  • Merchant

Family records

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Guernsey family trees



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Jersey family trees


The first three trees all have the same starting point, but there are differences of detail between them, and the third shows a new line into the 20th century. We are unable at this stage to venture an opinion as to which tree is more reliable when they conflict with each other.

Le Marquand ladies stop on Victoria Avenue to pose for a photograph with their car. Nobody would dream of doing that today
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Family histories



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Church records



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Great War service



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Family wills


Notable Guernseymen

  • Ernest Marquand (1848-1918) - naturalist
  • Hilary Marquand (1825-1872) - master mariner
  • William Isaac Marquand (1837-1908) - photographer
  • Henri Marquand (1815-1895) - newspaper editor and friend of Victor Hugo.

Notable Jerseymen

  • Senator Cyril Le Marquand, arguably Jersey's most important post-war politician
  • Senator John Le Marquand, cousin of the above and architect of Jersey's post-war education system
  • Senator J J Le Marquand, not related to the above but in the States at the same time

Family businesses

Family album

Click on any image to see full-size version

Family gravestones

Click on any image to see a larger version. See the Jerripedia gravestone image collection page for more information about our gravestone photographs

Further Reading

  • Bonnard, Jean, E D Marquand, a distinguished naturalist, RGS, 1993
  • Hocart, Richard, The Marquands of La Brigade, Trans Soc Guern, 1976
  • Jackson, TA, Memories of Ernest Marquand, RGS, 1976
  • Marquand, Hilary, Memoirs of a Victorian Master Mariner, Merton Priory Press, 1996
  • Marquand, Lois, John Marquand's Notes and Reminiscences, RGS, 1967
  • Marr, L J, Ernest David Marquand (1848-1918) entry in More Guernsey People, 1991

Links

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