Le Marquand family page
This very common Jersey surname can be traced back to at least the beginning of the 14th century
Mary Ann Le Marquand c1850, a very early Jersey photographic portrait
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Origin of Surname
The origin of Marquand is believed to be the French marchant (the merchant), probably derived from an early tradesman between Guernsey and Jersey and France. The ultimate root of the name lies in the Latin word mercis, meaning commerce or merchandise.
The earliest occurence of the variant Marquand in Guernsey was in 1513, when the parish school of St Peter Port, Guernsey was founded by the gift of Thomas Le Marquand and his wife, Yonette Thelby.
Raoulin Le Marquand was Attorney-General in Jersey in the 16th Century.
It is not clear whether Le Marquand and Le Marchand/Le Marchant were different families in Jersey or just variations in spelling within a single family. We continue to list them separately.
Early Marquands in England
This surname was first recorded at the beginning of the 13th Century, and other examples include Roger Marchaunt and Herueus Merchant who were listed as witnesses in the Assize Court rolls of Yorkshire in the year 1219. In 1240 Ranulph le Marchand appeared in the Fine Court Rolls of Essex, and Reginald le Marchant was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Cambridge in 1247. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Marchand. This was dated 1202, in the Pipe Rolls of Berkshire, during the reign of King John of England, 1199 - 1216.
- Le Marquand, 1668
- Le Marquant, 1528
- Le Marcant 1515
- Le Marchand
- Le Marcquant
- Le Marchant
Guernsey family trees
Jersey family trees
The first three trees all have the same starting point, but there are differences of detail between them, and the third shows a new line into the 20th century. We are unable at this stage to venture an opinion as to which tree is more reliable when they conflict with each other.
- Descendants of Elie Le Marquand (1617)
- Descendants of Elie Le Marquand
- Descendants of Elie Le Marquand - 2 Added 2016
- Descendants of Jean Le Marchant
- Descendants of Nicolas Le Marquand
- Descendants of Nicolas Le Marquand - 2, an extended version of the above tree
- Descendants of Jean Le Marquand (1748)
- Descendants of Francois Le Marquand
- Descendants of Raulin Le Marquand
- Descendants of Pierre Marquand
- Descendants of Jean Le Marchant - 2
- Descendants of Jean Marquand
Great War service
- Ernest Marquand (1848-1918) - naturalist
- Hilary Marquand (1825-1872) - master mariner
- William Isaac Marquand (1837-1908) - photographer
- Henri Marquand (1815-1895) - newspaper editor and friend of Victor Hugo.
- Senator Cyril Le Marquand, arguably Jersey's most important post-war politician
- Senator John Le Marquand, cousin of the above and architect of Jersey's post-war education system
- Senator J J Le Marquand, not related to the above but in the States at the same time
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- Bonnard, Jean, E D Marquand, a distinguished naturalist, RGS, 1993
- Hocart, Richard, The Marquands of La Brigade, Trans Soc Guern, 1976
- Jackson, TA, Memories of Ernest Marquand, RGS, 1976
- Marquand, Hilary, Memoirs of a Victorian Master Mariner, Merton Priory Press, 1996
- Marquand, Lois, John Marquand's Notes and Reminiscences, RGS, 1967
- Marr, L J, Ernest David Marquand (1848-1918) entry in More Guernsey People, 1991