No 16 Royal Square

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Historic Jersey buildings


16 Royal Square


H22No16RoyalSquare.jpg



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No 16 is the building on the far right

Property name

16 Royal Square

Location

Royal Square, St Helier

Other names

There is some confusion about the original numbering of this property. The 1851 census shows it as No 26, but, even though it is likely that the square's properties were renumbered at some time in the early-to-mid 19th century, it is difficult to understand how there could have been ten more properties around the square than later on.

Type of property

Former town house associated with the Patriarche family. Shop operated by Gallichan family since 1845 - Jersey's longest established jeweller

Families associated with the property

Census returns

  • 1851 - E J Gallichan (25), inn keeper, Jane (20), Jane Ann (5m), Esther Le Quesne (10), wife’s sister. Edward Gallichan (52) ship owner, Ann, nee de Ste Croix(45) Matthieu (21) wine and spirit dealer with sister Ann Jane (18) [1]
  • 1861 - Philip Godfray (29) chemist, Ellen (43) four step-children (16); John Gallichan (34) silversmith, Elizabeth (31), three children (16½)
  • 1871 - Ann Hughes (42) widowed dressmaker, with daughter Ann (19) and son-in-law William Wakeham (29), and their four month old son Ernest (16); John Gallichan (44), watchmaker with wife Elizabeth (41) and five daughters and four sons (16½)
  • 1881 - Philip de Caen (34) commission agent, Elizabeth (33) [2]
  • 1891 - Elizabeth de Caen (44) (No 16); Charles Le Gresley (51), retired sea captain, Elizabeth (44), jewellery shop caretaker (16½)
  • 1901 - John Roche (22) jeweller’s assistant

Almanac listings

The Gallichan jewellery business occupied the ground floor of the building throughout the period of almanac street directories (1874 onwards). Various people, mainly in the legal profession, had offices above from time to time

W18GallichanClock.jpg

Historic Environment Record entry

Rare survival in town of early 18th century building. The consistent height, proportions and materials of this row of early buildings is a fine enclosure to the north side of Royal Square. Shown on the Richmond Map of 1795.

Brett [3] refers to Nos 15 and 16 being built for Patriarche sons, some time after Nos 13 and 14, which were complete by 1799.[4]. McCormack [5] research suggests they were built in 1716 for the Patriarche family by Pierre Hamon.

Three-storey with attic, four-bay. Front elevation: pantile roof, hipped east end, granite chimney on west gable. Three flat roof dormers with moulded projecting cornices.

Clock bracketed from wall with elaborate ironwork.

Notes and references

  1. Recorded in census as No 26. It is not clear whether this was a mistake or the property was subsequently renumbered
  2. Although the Gallichans continued their business, they seem to have stopped living here betweeen 1871 and 1881
  3. Buildings in the town and parish of St Helier, C E B Brett
  4. The Rev J A Messervy's history of the family refers to several of their properties, but fails to mention any in the Royal Square. Although the two volumes of Old Jersey Houses have passing references to the Patriarche family and to Royal Square properties, there is nothing connecting the two
  5. Channel Island Houses, John McCormack
No 26 is the building with white walls in the centre
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