Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick

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The 2nd Earl of Warwick

Earl of Warwick - Governor of Jersey 1643

As Grand Admiral of England, the Earl of Warwick's appointment by Cromwell as Governor in 1643 was a military move to gain possession of the island from the Royalist sympathisers who were in charge.

The second Earl of Warwick was an English colonial administrator, admiral, and puritan. He was the eldest son of Robert Rich, 1st Earl of Warwick and his wife Penelope Devereux, Lady Rich, and succeeded to his father's title (Earl of Warwick) in 1619.

He joined the Guinea, New England, and Virginia companies, as well as the Virginia Company's offspring, the Somers Isles Company. Warwick's enterprises involved him in disputes with the British East India Company (1617) and with the Virginia Company, which in 1624 was suppressed as a result of his action. In 1627 he commanded an unsuccessful privateering expedition against the Spaniards.

Warwick's Puritan connections and sympathies gradually estranged him from the court but promoted his association with the New England colonies. His Richneck Plantation was located in what is now the independent city of Newport News, Virginia. The Warwick River, Warwick Towne, Warwick River Shire, and Warwick County, Virginia are all believed named for him, as are Warwick, Rhode Island and Warwick Parish in Bermuda (alias The Somers Isles). The oldest school in Bermuda, Warwick Academy, was built on land in Warwick Parish given by the Earl of Warwick.

In 1642, following the dismissal of the Earl of Northumberland as Lord High Admiral, Warwick was appointed commander of the fleet by Parliament.

He sent Major Leonard Lydcott to Jersey as his Lieutenant in command of troops which took control of the island in 1643, forcing the Lieut-Governor and Bailiff Philippe de Carteret to take refuge in Elizabeth Castle. Later that year Sir George de Carteret returned to Jersey and forced Lydcott out, retuning the island to Royalist control and ending Warwick's Governorship

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